The MiG-15 is the first swept-wing jet fighter produced by the former Soviet Union and the world's first practical jet fighter.
In March 1946, the former Soviet Union government instructed the major aircraft design bureaus to develop a light, highly maneuverable, high subsonic jet fighter. To this end, the Mikoyan Design Bureau selected a newly designed jet engine and adopted a swept-back wing layout to successfully design the MiG-15 aircraft. NATO gave it the nickname "Falcon" (Falcon), perhaps because it shares the same name with the West itself for many aircraft, and later changed to the derogatory "Fagot" (Fagot).
On December 30, 1947, the newly designed prototype took off for the first time, code-named -310. After flight testing and modification, the new aircraft was put into mass production in August 1948 and was named MiG-15. In October of the same year began to equip troops. On May 20, 1949, the Politburo of the Soviet Union decided to cancel the production plan for jet aircraft such as La-15, Yak-17 and Yak-23, and fully develop MiG-15 aircraft. By 1956, more than 17,000 aircraft had been produced.
The People's Air Force began to equip MiG-15 aircraft at the end of 1950. During the Korean War, young pilots of the Chinese People’s Volunteer Air Force flew MiG-15 aircraft in the skies of North Korea, shocking the world.
Western military experts also have to admit that the MiG-15 is a fighter with excellent maneuverability. In the homeland air defense operations, the People’s Air Force used the MiG-15 aircraft to shoot down the U.S. Air Force’s B-19, PB-4Y, F4U, PBM-5A and the Kuomintang Air Force’s F-47, P-2V and other invading aircraft. The MiG-15 (No. 08) aircraft on display at the China Aviation Museum was once piloted by Li Han. It was the first record for the Volunteer Air Force to injure and shoot down US Air Force jet fighters during the Anti-US Aid Korea. Zhao Baotong drove a MiG-15 (unit 25) in the North Korean air battle, and shot down and wounded 9 enemy aircraft. He was the only first-class combat hero to have won special merits twice. The aircraft they used are typical weapons in major battles in history and are important national cultural relics.