The Arado Ar196 was the main onboard reconnaissance seaplane used by the Kriegsmarine during the Second World War. The single-engine aircraft was a low wing monoplane and carried a crew of two in tandem; the pilot and observer/gunner. For its period, the Arado Ar196 was an advanced modern aircraft. The radial 9 cylinder BMW 132 engine was able to produce 960 HP. The airframe structure of the Arado was optimized for its shipboard role on German vessels and cruisers. It can be catapulted directly from the vessel and with its fuselage-wing hinged backward folding wing system, it can be easily stowed on board. The Arado Ar196 was famous for being an onboard reconnaissance plane (the battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau had three of them on board while the more famous ship of the Kriegsmarine, the Bismark, had four Arado Ar196).